Sioux Symbols: Connection between Humans and Nature

sioux symbol

Sioux Symbols: Who are Sioux?

In ancient times there was a time when the earth was sacred, and ancient people had a connection with nature. Nature was a symbol of peace, harmony, love, and togetherness. In the past, people lived simply without any form of complications. But we live in a world today where there are problems in every corner and turn that we make. The Sioux are native Indians that speak three different languages, that is, Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota. The word Sioux is derived from the word ‘Nadowessioiux’ which stands for enemy or snake. Nadowessioiux is a Chippeway word. The Sioux use Sioux symbols in their culture to have a deeper understanding of their spirituality and symbolism and the connection humans have with nature.

The Sioux symbols are put to use during sacred ceremonies or rituals. The same symbols remind the Sioux of the culture and ancestral roots. The Sioux refers to a collection of people and not a specific tribe. The Sioux worship a grandfather spirit they refer to as Wakan Tanka. Some of the practices they indulge in include the use of pipes during prayers and having vision quests. Sioux symbols play a significant role in the lives of the Sioux since they bring them close during sacred ceremonies and rituals. The Sioux believe in the harmony of life.

Sioux Symbols: Deeper Understanding of the Sioux

The Sioux people comprise of the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota. The Lakota is the largest of the three tribes. The other name of this tribe is Teton Sioux. The Lakota occupy lands in North and South Dakota. The Dakota, also known as Santee Sioux, occupy land in Nebraska and Minnesota. The Nakota, which is the smallest of the three tribes, occupy land in North Dakota, Montana and South Dakota. From the past, the Sioux have been a proud nation. Other tribes feared them due to their strength, resilience, and culture. They took over wild horses and followed the Buffalos in their trails for easy navigation.

The Sioux were warriors, but they valued family ties. The family was an integral part of their culture. Children were given all the attention hence the name ‘Wakanisha’ meaning sacred. The Sioux believed in monogamy, but there were exceptions where one would marry more than one wife. Anyone found committing adultery was subject to disfigurement. The men were in charge of protecting and providing for the family while the women were in charge of ruling domestic and family affairs.

The Sioux were and remain spiritual people. The Siox use visions, dance, and songs to commune with the spirits. They self sacrificed themselves by inflicting wounds on their bodies while performing rituals. The self-sacrificing assured them of their identity as Indian warriors. During burial ceremonies, moaners would also hurt themselves to honor the one who has died.

The Lakota

This tribe includes seven tribes, that is, Brule, Oohenupa, Itazipacola, Ogalala, Hunkpapa, Miniconjou, and Sihasapa. These tribes consist of buffalo hunters and warriors. Currently, a large population of the Lakota lives at the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Western, South Dakota.

The Dakota

This tribe was well known for their skills in hunting, fishing, and farming. They lived in camps; hence, they became accustomed to the camping lifestyle. They also collected stones which they used to make knives. The four bands in the Dakota tribe include Sisseton, Wahpekute, Wahpeton, and Mdewakantonwon.

The Nakota

Nakota is also known as Yankton Sioux. They are divided into three bands: Yankton who live on the Yankton Reservation, South Dakota, Upper Yanktonai who live in the Standing Rock Reservation, South Dakota and Devil’s Lake Reservation in North Dakota and the Lower Yanktonai who live in Crow Creek Reservation, South Dakota and Fort Peck Reservation, Montana.

The Sioux were pushed out of their lands in the early 1800s. They were forced to live in reservations. The Sioux tried to resist, but the American soldiers were stronger than them. They currently live in reservations, but their culture is still intact.

Examples of some Sioux Symbols & Their Meanings

Number Four

The Sioux believe that the number four holds integral functions in the universe. They associate the number four to almost all aspects of creation. In the cosmic world, number four represents the sun, moon, stars, and planets. The vital earth elements are also four, air, water, earth, and fire. The number four also signifies seasons, that is, winter, spring, summer, and winter. Four represents other things in the universe which cannot all be included in this article. The above mentioned gives us an overview of how the number four is significant to the Sioux.

The Sioux symbol of number four is holy in Sioux culture. They incorporate the number four in most of their rituals and ceremonies. For instance, while performing sun dances, the Sioux face the four different directions, North, South, East, and West. They also have four initiation challenges that initiates have to go through during initiation ceremonies. The Sioux incorporate number four in all their dealings with nature since it is a holy number.

sioux symbol


This Sioux symbol is prevalent in the Lakota tribe. The Thunderbird is the Guardian of truth in Indian culture. The Sioux believe that this bird nests in the granite summit of Harney Peak. The Thunderbird’s other name is the Wakinyan. The Sioux believe that bolts of lightning from the bird’s beak strike the untruthful people leading to death. The Thunderbird was also the giver of rain.


This Sioux symbol symbolizes the earth and the four winds blowing on the earth. The direction of the four winds also signifies the four spirits that convey messages to people in the four corners of the world. The center square represents the earth’s foundation. The connection of humans and the earth is a blessing in Sioux culture.

Medicine Stone Wheel

This symbol is used for learning, growth, enlightenment, and help in the areas of life that we cannot handle on our own. It depicts seven stones which represent the seven types of human personalities. These personalities include hate, envy, compassion, love, fear, connection, and grief. The twelve points in this symbol represent the twelve months in a year and the twelve full moons. The large circle at the center of the symbol represents the 13th full moon. The four points represent the four paths in a person’s life. The four paths include East (Insight), North (Wisdom), West (Introspection), and South (Innocence).

Sioux Symbols: Summary

Other Sioux Symbols mean different things but the above mentioned are enough to enable one to understand Sioux Culture. Sioux symbols have a connection between humanity and nature.

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